Wing Chun Basic Hands - Fuk Sau

Grandmaster Tse’s Wing Chun Note 321

First Section of Síu Lihm Tào 小念頭 Pt 6

In the first section of Síu Lihm Tào 小念頭, we have Tāan Sáu 攤手, four Wuh Sáu 護手 and three Fuhk Sáu 伏手. Why do we have these numbers? The answer is that our Wing Chun ancestors have told us which techniques are the most important, so the hands that are performed most frequently are more important. So four Wuh Sáu means that the Wuh Sáu is the most important hand. Three Fuhk Sáu means the Fuhk Sáu is the next most important and one Tāan Sáu means that Tāan Sáu is the least important. However, these hands are the most important hand techniques in Wing Chun. Some people say that Tāan Sáu, Bóng Sáu 膀手 and Fuhk Sáu are the main hands in Wing Chun, but I would say Wuh Sáu is the most important. Maybe it is overlooked as it is too important. What do I mean by this? Wuh Sáu is actually in all styles of Chinese Kung Fu and this means that it is a vital part of Kung Fu, so vital that we do not need to talk about it. For example is last time we talked about breathing, but we did not talk about the air. We cannot breathe without air and we cannot have Kung Fu techniques without Wuh Sáu. These four Wing Chun hand techniques we use all the time. We use Wuh Sáu when we have one hand contact and we hold the Wuh Sáu at the middle of our chest, to cover our centre so that we are always safe. Fuhk Sáu is used to read our opponent’s energy so that we can use the right techniques to attack them. Tāan Sáu is more obvious and is used to connect with our opponent and block any attacks and the same is true for Bóng Sáu, it is for contacting and defence.

So protecting ourselves if the most important, reading our opponent is second and defending is the third and the least important.

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