Wing Chun One Inch Punch

Master Tse’s Wing Chun Notes #16

One Inch Punch 寸勁

Wing Chun One Inch PunchAnybody who trains martial arts, and even some who do not, have heard the name “One inch punch”. This was one of the techniques made famous by Bruce Lee 李小龍 that impressed so many western martial artists. Actually this is one of Wing Chun’s powerful techniques. Its proper name is Long Bridge Releasing Power, Cheong Kiu Fa Ging長橋發勁. Cheong長 means long, Kiu 橋 means bridge. Long Bridge means the arm is extended out. In Chinese Kung Fu we call the forearm— the Bridge Hand. Because when we are fighting it is common for the forearms to contact together like a bridge between the two opponents. Fa 發 means release and Ging 勁 means internal power.


Cheong Kiu Fa Ging means that when the arm is extended out we can still release power to hit the opponent. To do this all we need is relaxation, then we can release power again without withdrawing the hand. Most people when they punch they need to withdraw their fist and then punch forwards, but we can release power without withdrawing the fist. This means we are able to reach the opponent much quicker. Normally, over a short distance there is no power, but with internal training we can release a lot of power from a short distance. This is the one inch punch 寸勁.

Michael Tse

3 replies
  1. Simon
    Simon says:

    Hi Sigong,

    Thank you for another great article. Your honest and open writing about the techniques and skill of Wing Chun really show that with a great teacher there are no secrets or tricks. Just time dedication and practice to progress. Looking forward to the chance of more Chi Sau in London later in the year.

    Best wishes and kind regards,
    Simon.

    Reply
  2. Michael
    Michael says:

    Dear Sigong,

    Thanks for the article. Does the Cheong (長) character imply that that Wing Chun only delivers “one inch” power from an extended arm or is it just this particular technique? What if the opponent is very close to us and we can’t extend the arm before we make contact?

    Also can all strikes in the Wing Chun system be delivered over a short distance in this way?

    Finally, how can we ensure that our Wing Chun practice covers internal training to this high level?

    Thank you very much.

    Best regards

    Michael

    Reply
  3. Michael Tse
    Michael Tse says:

    Dear Michael,

    Thank you for your questions.

    The word Cheong長 means long and it is not only used in Wing Chun but in other situations in Chinese writing and conversation. For instance, it is like the road is “Cheong”, someone’s leg is long “Cheong”. When the arm extends outwards so the arm is long, so it is called “Cheong Bridge長橋”. In Chinese Kung Fu, the forearm also is called ” Bridge橋”. So Cheong does not mean punch.

    One Inch Punch is a special Wing Chun releasing power technique called Choeng Kiu Fa Ging長橋發勁. Wing Chun Fa Ging means we can release power no matter how close we are. If it is a long distance, then we should not have any tenseness but should be relaxed until we actually release power when we are close to the target. One Inch Punch in Chinese is called Choeng Kiu Fa Ging.”

    If we are close to the opponent, we should still able to release the power because the power is released at the point at which we make contact. It is from the legs and inside the body with the Qi together.

    About your question of how to develop the Choeng Kiu Fa Ging, I will talk about this in the future.

    I hope I have answered all your questions.

    Sigong, Michael Tse

    Reply

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