Three Forms – Part 5
In the second form, Tsum Kìuh 尋橋, the first part teaches Jyún Máh 轉馬 – Turning Stance, turning left and right. In Jyún Máh we must turn on our heels and maintain the shoulder width distance between our feet. Many people turn on their toes and this creates different distances between the feet each time they turn. In the Wing Chun stance, no matter how we move we must maintain the shoulder width distance once we stop. This is a crucial part of Wing Chun as the Yìh Jih Kìhm Yèuhng Máh 二字鉗羊馬 is the perfect balance between begining stable and being mobile, so we must get used to it. This is also one of the principles of our footwork.
Next we have Wàahng Máh 横馬 – Sideways Step, where we walk to the side, left to right and then right to left. If the form we walk in a line, but the actual application is walking in a circle, where we walk around our opponent. Of course, we will never need to walk all the way around our opponent in a full circle, we will usually only take one or two steps. Why do we not walk in a circle in the form? This is because it is hard to measure the distance between our feet and maintain our shoulder width distance, but when we walk in a line, we can see the foot distance. Also when we do Wàahng Máh, we must keep the Jyún Máh position, which is turned 45 degrees and the weight 70/30 on the back leg. When we do Chī Sáu 黐手 – Sticking Hands or when we are fighting, we will use Wàahng Máh a lot.