Three Forms – Part 7
The main purpose of Siu Lim Tao is to mainly develop Gong Lik 功力 and so practising Tsum Kìuh 尋橋is for footwork. Tsum Kìuh covers Yìh Jih Kìhm Yèuhng Máh 二字鉗羊馬 – Basic Wing Chun Stance, Jyún Máh 轉馬 – Turning Stance, Wàahng Máh 横馬 – Sideways Step and Jeun Máh 進馬 – Forward Step. The other kinds of footwork are not mentioned or covered by Tsum Kìuh, and so we must work on them ourselves. We need to practise Teui Máh 退馬 – Backward Step, Circling Step (which is trained in Wàahng Máh) Bīu Máh 標馬 – Thrusting Step, Faai Máh 快馬 – Fast Step, forwards and backwards, and Jih Yàuh Máh 自由馬 – Freestyle Stepping.
The third form, Bīu Zī 標指 – Thrusting Fingers, covers distance – long and short. It has three major techniques. The first is Kāp Jāang 扱踭 – Covering Over Elbow, the second is Bīu Zī 標指 – Thrusting Fingers and the third is Mahn Sáu 問手 – Asking Hand. Again, we can say there are three parts. The first part is Kāp Jāang, the second is Mahn Sáu and the third is Bīu Zī. However, the first part has these three techniques – Kup Jaang, Biu Zi and Man Sau. This tells us that these techniques are very important, and they are used at different distances.